Cwmbrân Town was formed in 1951 when Whiteheads AFC disbanded. After playing in junior leagues the club switched to the Welsh League in 1960, moving to Cwmbrân Athletics Stadium in 1975.
In 1978 Cwmbrân finished bottom of the Welsh League Premier Division and were relegated, in 1981 the Crows finished 16th but in 1982 won promotion to the Premier Division. In 1986 Cwmbrân became full members of the FAW and were chosen as one of 14 Welsh clubs to participate in both the English FA Cup and FA Trophy.
It was not until November 1991 that the club made a substantial move forwards in appointing Tony Willcox as manager. The Town were then founder members of the newly formed League of Wales, and went on to win the Championship at the first attempt in 1993. As champions they represented Wales in the European Champions Cup - the only League of Wales side to do so – losing out to Cork City on away goals.
In 1998 Cwmbrân again qualified for Europe as Welsh Cup finalists, meeting Romanian side Nationale Bucerusti. The following season they went one better reaching the UEFA Cup by finishing third in the Welsh Premier League to set up a two legged encounter with Glasgow Celtic.
In 2002/03 Cwmbrân Town reached the Welsh Cup Final narrowly missing out after a penalty shoot out with Barry Town. Sadly during the 2002/03 season the club lost one of the most respected managers throughout the Welsh football, with the sudden death of Tony Willcox, known affectionately as “Mr Cwmbrân”.
Despite this loss, and as a result of finishing runners up in the Welsh Cup in 2002/03 the club qualified for the UEFA Cup and were drawn against Maccabi Haifa from Israel, who in the 2002/03 season beat Manchester United in the Champions League.
The 2003/04 season saw the introduction of a new manager, Mr Brian Coyne, who had previously managed Newtown. Brian’s reign as manager was short lived however, and during the 2004/05 season after the resignation of long term Chairman Mr John Colley, Brian also decided to step down as manager due to financial reasons.
For the remainder of this season Cwmbrân were managed by former player Sean Wharton. For the next two seasons, in difficult circumstances Sean looked to local talent in an attempt to avoid relegation, but unfortunately at the end of the 2006/07 season Cwmbrân were relegated for the first time from the Welsh Premier League into the Welsh Football League. It was at this time that Sean felt it was time for a change and resigned at the end of the campaign.
Season 2007/08 saw the club install a new manager, Mr Guillermo Ganet and his reign was short lived, only staying with the club for one season then leaving the club by mutual consent. A year later saw the introduction of Gary Proctor as manager, who had previous managerial experience with Rhayder Town and Llanelli.
For the 2009/10 season the club had a new management team of Barrie Hughes and Gareth Kedward. With a completely new squad, results were indifferent throughout the season which saw the club finish fifth from bottom in Division 2, and because of the league restructure demotion to Division 3 followed. Unfortunately, another relegation followed at the end of the 2010/11 season with Barrie Hughes resigning mid-season.
Manager Mark Parfitt and assistant Jamie Jenkins have built a brand new squad for 2011/12 as the club enters a fresh era, and the first target is a return to the Welsh League.